Fire Pump

What is a Fire Pump?

A fire pump is a critical component of a fire protection system designed to deliver high-pressure water to the sprinkler system in the event of a fire. Ensuring an adequate water supply and pressure is vital to effectively control and extinguish fires. Fire pumps are installed in buildings under specific conditions to enhance fire protection. They are commonly found in large structures or high-rise buildings where the existing water supply may not meet the fire protection system’s required pressure and flow demands. Factors such as building size, water supply availability, hydraulic considerations, local building codes, occupancy type, and water-based suppression systems influence the need for a fire pump. These pumps ensure adequate water pressure is maintained to operate fire sprinklers and other water-based suppression systems effectively. Let’s take a closer look at how a fire pump works:

Water Supply


Water Intake

Impeller and Casing

Water Pressurization

Discharge Outlet

Pressure Maintenance

Power Source

Testing and Maintenance


A fire pump is a vital fire protection system component that provides high-pressure water to the sprinkler system during a fire event. By drawing water from a dedicated source, pressurizing it, and delivering it to the sprinklers, the fire pump plays a crucial role in controlling and extinguishing fires effectively. Proper fire pump maintenance and testing are vital to ensure its readiness and optimal performance when needed the most.

Not all buildings require fire pumps, especially smaller ones with a sufficient water supply and hydraulic conditions. Installing a fire pump is based on a comprehensive evaluation of the building’s fire protection needs, compliance with local codes and regulations, and occupancy type. Fire protection engineers and local authorities play a crucial role in determining whether a fire pump is necessary. Their expertise helps ensure that buildings are equipped with the appropriate fire protection systems, minimizing the risk of fire-related damage and promoting the safety of occupants.